here, you will find the best and most complete writing strategies you can ever imagine. all theories of writing here are taken from writing experts from several bonfire institutes. well, by applying writing tips and tricks here, you will find how amazing you are in writing actually. well, lets write buddies!
june 15, 2006
1. Don’t give up. I know you can make it good. Writing is work. There’s no doubt about that. Every writer has a problem getting started every now and then. I start writing in the middle or sneak in through a side door using a photo for an idea. Sometimes I put on some music or take a walk and then try again.
2. How you feel can make it real. Get alive with the dreamer’s dream. They say the best advice for any writer is write about what you know. I think the best advice might be write what you care about. Readers can sense when your heart is in the words. They can feel the power. I think they know when I’m laughing, singing, and dancing to the music as I’m typing.
3. All my instincts they return. Once I start to write about something that I care for, the words cooperate again. My writing starts to sound like I am writing it. I get a kick out of reading it. Something called fun is happening.
4. My heart is going boom, boom, boom. Nothing is more fun than writing that has gone well, especially after it started out stuck.
Improve Your Written English
Write frequently, in a wide range of formal and informal situations.
Get the most out of your dictionary by understanding how to use it correctly . You can use a good English dictionary to find words, for meaning, for pronunciation, to check your spelling and to understand explanations.
Copy out short passages of English text from newspapers, magazines or books.
Try dictation exercises. You can do this online or get friends to read out text for you to write and then check your writing – concentrate on spelling and punctuation.
There are many forums on the net, find one about your interests or hobbies. Observe the niceties of forum use , and apologise if you think you have made any mistakes.
Use a blog to create a diary about your life. Write it in English and if you have a thick skin, ask for feedback. Remember blogs are not private, so do not write anything there which you do not want the whole world to read. I recommend http://www.blogger.com , it is free and very easy to use.
Be careful about using abbreviations when writing on forums and in chatrooms, they are fun and quick, but can cause bad habits to form.
If you are using a computer, use an English spell checker (but don’t rely on it). There are spell checkers built in for Google and Firefox browsers.
Check what you’ve written. Even better, get someone else to proofread what you’ve written. Check for spelling, capitalisation and punctuation.
Try to find English speaking pen friends and write to them or, use a messenger service like MSN, Yahoo, Google or find a chatroom. If you can’t get in touch with native speakers then contact other learners:-
How To Start Writing
“Write great content”
Everyone says that the secret to achieving great search rankings is to produce great content. People link to great content. So you sit down to write some great content.
….but the screen remains blank…..
…..the cursor blinks…..
Typing is easy. Rewriting news is easy. But putting together a unique killer post that attracts attention – that’s difficult!
How do you get past writers block? How do you give your ideas form? How do write with a unique voice so your articles stand out from the crowd?
Here are a few ideas.
1. Write Often
There is only one way to learn how to write well and that is to write often.
People often talk about the traffic benefits of writing a blog, but they often overlook the personal benefits. A blog gives you the opportunity to write for an audience of one. Yourself. A blog gives you the opportunity to practice the craft of writing.
Start a blog on a topic you’re interested in, and set a goal of writing one post a day for the next three months. At the end of three months, you’ll be a lot better writer than when you started.
2. Write Like Crazy
The obvious way of getting around the blank page problem is to simply start writing.
Write as fast as you can, even if it is gibberish. Get your half-formed thoughts down on the page. Write questions. Then write the answers to those questions. Make lists. Once you start, do not stop writing for five minutes. You aim is to shut off your internal editor, because your internal editor is not the guy who gets writing onto the page.
At the end of five minutes, you don’t have a blank page anymore.
You can then flesh out the good ideas, eliminate the bad ideas, and re-order your content. This is much easier than trying to write (invent) and edit (analyze) at the same time.
3. Use Software
• The Google Toolbar and many content management systems have spell checkers built into them.
• Paid software programs like StyleWriter take it to the next level – offering tips on tense usage/unity (which is discussed further in #6).
• Using keyword research tools and looking at other related content (like Wikipedia pages and for Dummies books) can help you figure out how to best structure your content, and help you find some important keyword modifiers to add to your copy.
4. Keep It Simple
Ever read an insurance brochure? Or a police incident report? They are cluttered with unnecessary verbiage, because the writer uses ten words when one will do.
“The feather covered creature is currently proceeding in a westerly direction ambulating at a regular pace to the arforementioned side of the concourse”
The chicken crossed the road, in other words.
Good writing conveys meaning. Great writing does the same, but uses fewer words.
There’s a great Mark Twain quote about simplicity: “I didn’t have time to write a short letter, so I wrote a long one instead”.
Anyone can be verbose.
Great writing is also about about rewriting. It’s about honing down to the essentials. Use short words. Use short sentences. Use active verbs.
5. The Hook
If you’ve read this far, you’ve already passed the most important sentence in this article.
The most important sentence is the first sentence. If you don’t hook people in the first sentence, then they won’t read the second. The second most important sentence is the second sentence. That sentence gets people to the third sentence. And so on.
How long does the hook need to be?
Sometimes, it can be one sentence. Sometimes a paragraph. Sometimes the entire first page. Entice the reader. Make the first sentence a bit mysterious. Invoke an emotion. Appeal to their curiosity. Pose a question. Give the reader a concrete reason to keep reading. What benefit is there to the reader in reading through to the end?
6. Maintain Unity
Lack of unity can confuse readers. Decide on one unity, and stick to it.
For example, you might choose to write in the past tense. “We went to the beach last week”. Or you might choose to wrote in the present. “I’m sitting in the car looking out over the bay”. But don’t mix the two tenses.
The type of unity you use will depend on the type of article you’re writing. You’ve probably seen those long sales letters that convey a personal story about how the writer overcame some problem, and you can too if you buy their e-book? Those sales letters wouldn’t work nearly as well if the writer switches mode, from the personal to the impersonal, half way through.
7. The Audience
In “On Writing Well”, William Zinsser advises:
“….a question will occur to you: “Who am I writing for?” It’s a fundamental question, and it has a fundamental answer: You are writing for yourself. Don’t try to visualize the great mass audience. There is no such audience. Every reader is a different person”.
This is not to say that you shouldn’t consider the audience. In terms of the craft of writing, you need to provide structure and be interesting enough so people keep reading. But don’t worry about whether your readers agree with you, or like what you say, or like how you’re saying it.
Each reader is an individual, and they’re going to respond to different things. Don’t compromise your writing for the imagined, singular “audience”.
8. Your Written Voice
Only you sound like you. No one writes like you. That is your in-built, unique point of difference.
One way to find your voice is to read your writing aloud. What bits sound wrong? What bits sound pretentious or condescending? What bits just don’t sound like you. Eliminate them. Readers want to “hear” a distinctive voice that rings true.
A lot of blogs are starting to sound like mainstream media reporting, and that is a shame. The writers have forgotten what made blogs an attractive alternative in the first place – the use of the personalized voice.
9. Make One Point
Your article should have one overall point. Not two points, or five points, but one point. What do you want to convince people of? What is the one thing you want them to take away?
You don’t need to have the last word on a given topic. It’s not possible. You’ve probably seen examples of link bait entitled “The Ultimate Guide To….”
But they never are the ultimate. It isn’t possible.
Instead, decide on the one point you want people to take away, and write towards that point. Once you’ve made that point, stop writing.
The point of this article is to encourage people to get writing 🙂
How to Write an Essay
There are many ways to write an essay. However, the standard essay form follows the same basic patterns as discussed in this “how to”.
Difficulty Level: Average Time Required: 30 minutes
1. Select the topic of your essay.
2. Choose the central idea, or thesis, of your essay. For example: Information technology has revolutionized the way we work.
3. Outline your essay into introductory, body and summary paragraphs.
4. The introductory paragraph begins with an interesting sentence. For example: Home workers have grown from 150,000 to over 12 million in the past 5 years thanks to the wonders of the computer.
5. After this first sentence, add your thesis statement from above.
6. Use one sentence to introduce every body paragraph to follow. For example: The Internet has made this possible by extending the office into the home.
7. Finish the introductory paragraph with a short summary or goal statement. For example: Technological innovation has thus made the traditional workplace obsolete.
8. In each of the body paragraphs (usually two or three) the ideas first presented in the introductory paragraph are developed.
9. Develop your body paragraphs by giving detailed information and examples. For example: When the Internet was first introduced it was used primarily by scientists, now it is common in every classroom.
10. Body paragraphs should develop the central idea and finish with a summary of that idea. There should be at least two examples or facts in each body paragraph to support the central idea.
11. The summary paragraph summarizes your essay and is often a reverse of the introductory paragrah.
12. Begin the summary paragrah by quickly restating the principal ideas of your body paragraphs. For example: The Internet in the home, benefits and ease of use of modern computer systems…
13. The penultimate sentence should restate your basic thesis of the essay. For example: We have now passed from the industrial revolution to the information revolution.
14. Your final statement can be a future prediction based on what you have shown in the essay. For example: The next step: The complete disappearance of the workplace.
How to Write a Business Letter
There are many different reasons for writing a business letter. However, most business letters follow some general guidelines as described below.
Difficulty Level: Average Time Required: 40 minutes
1. Use block style – do not indent paragraphs.
2. Include address of the person you are writing to at the top of the letter, below your company address.
3. After the address, double space and include date
4. Double space (or as much as you need to put the body of the letter in the center) and include the salutation. Include Mr. for men or Ms for women, unless the recipient has a title such as Dr.
5. State a reference reason for your letter (i.e. “With reference to our telephone conversation…”
6. Give the reason for writing (i.e. “I am writing to you to confirm our order…”)
7. Make any request you may have (i.e. “I would be grateful if you could include a brochure…”
8. If there is to be further contact, refer to this contact (i.e. “I look forward to meeting you at…”)
9. Close the letter with a thank you (i.e. “Thank you for your prompt help…”)
10. Finish the letter with a salutation (i.e. “Yours sincerely,”)
11. Include 4 spaces and type your full name and title
12. sign the letter between the salutation and the typed name and title
Writing Well Matters
In his outstanding book, Writing Well, Mark Tredinnick (2008) offers the following insight:
“In these times, more than ever, we need a little depth and care, generosity and poise. We need a little perspective and honesty and restraint. And politically, a little low-voltage rage. We need, in other words, to rediscover the syntax of civility and the diction of democracy” (p. 230).
The “diction of democracy,” claims Tredinnick, is found in “the struggle to improve our sentences.” By equipping and empowering students as writers, we provide them with a critical tool for participation in democratic society. Being able to communicate well empowers expression. If a student believes his thoughts and opinions matter AND he possesses the means to communicate those thoughts and opinions, he is more likely to become a PARTICIPANT in democracy—someone with the means to change his standing rather than view himself as a victim of forces over which he has no control.
The benefits of learning to write also equip students for in-school success. Writing is a means of learning. Experts refer to this aspect of writing as “knowledge transforming”—“constructing ideas and images through writing” (Fearn & Farnan, 2001). In writing, “information promotes curiosity or speculation, and the writer uses the information and the curiosity to construct knowledge not originally accumulated” (p. 183-184).
Writing also develops important cognitive functions such as working memory. “Few activities are as cognitively demanding as writing” (Dingfelder, 2006). In fact, different writing phases engage different elements of working memory. While drafting obviously engages verbal working memory, planning a piece of writing actually engages spatial working memory. Writers “represent their ideas visually when trying to structure their essays,” notes neuropsychologist David Galbraith (Dingfelder, 2006). Spatial working memory empowers planning, verbal working memory empowers drafting, and both empower revision as writers evaluate and improve both idea-level structure and word-level details. Improving working memory abilities influences fluid intelligence, capacities “critical for wide variety of cognitive tasks” and “considered one of the most important factors in learning” (Jaeggi, Buschkuehl, Jonides, & Perrig, 2008). Teaching students to write may not only give them a means of constructing understanding, but may actually equip them for better or more efficient learning in multiple areas. Writing engages “more areas of the brain and involves them more intensely than any activity thus far investigated” (Houston, 2004, p. 8).
Despite these immediate and long-range benefits, our schools fail to produce writers. A recent study found that 70% of students in Grades 4–12 are considered low-achieving writers. Seventy percent! Researchers describe our current writing instruction as being stuck in the eighteenth century with little real relationship to actual writing. In other words, we are teaching something other than writing while we claim to be teaching writing. We must reclaim writing instruction and give it the time and energy it needs.
How should it be taught? The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement offers insights in its report “Writing Next,” and the Writer’s Stylus professional development and instructional program offers an “optimal mix” of effective methods.
If 70% of our students lack the “diction of democracy,” their influence could be limited. Let’s change the world through “depth and care, generosity and poise,” “perspective and honesty and restraint,” and “a little low-voltage rage.” Let’s develop writers!